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Report Cards in Elementary Secondary Education

A frequently asked question of:
The Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation [ERIC/AE]
1129 Shriver Laboratory
University of Maryland - College Park
College Park  MD  20742
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E-mail:		askae#064;ericae.net
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Example queries:

Our school is in the process of designing new report cards. Can ERIC provide us with examples of report cards?

Have surveys been conducted of parents' reactions to various methods of reporting student achievement?

Please describe narrative report cards.

Table of Contents


The coverage of this resource encompasses formats for report cards per se. The coverage of newer, alternative forms of documenting student achievement, such as portfolios in K-12 and recorded observations in early childhood education, occurs at an introductory level only. For in-depth coverage of portfolios and other systematic collections of students' work, documented observations, student-led conferences, etc., readers are advised to either search the ERIC database via the ERIC Search Wizard and/or to pose their queries to AskERIC, our project's online reference service that delivers tailored bibliographies via e-mail.

[Table of Contents]

[Topical Overviews in Full-Text]

Teacher Comments on Report Cards [1998] - Amy C.Brualdi
A Developmental Approach to Assessment of Young Children [1997] - Lilian G. Katz
Grading Students [1995] - Lawrence H. Cross

[Table of Contents]


Dynamic (i.e., Live) Searches of the ERIC Documents Database

The following search options employ the electronic Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors as the search interface for the ERIC documents database. If you would like to ensure a current bibliography of ERIC documents for any of the given sub-topics, then we highly recommend that you pursue this option. Also, once you have selected a search option, you may edit the given strategy to introduce concepts into the search to accommodate your specific needs; or, you can build an entirely new search strategy in the ERIC Search Wizard. For a short, highly selective bibliography, please see the Selected ERIC Documents Citations below.

  • Dynamic Search of the ERIC Database for Report Cards in Elementary Secondary Education

  • Dynamic Search of the ERIC Database for Parents' Attitudes about Report Cards

Selected ERIC Documents Citations

Although less current and less plentiful than the Dynamic Search option (above), these selective bibliographies present ERIC documents citations that have been preselected on the basis of the thoroughness and/or authority and/or uniqueness that they reflect.

Instructions for ERIC Documents Access

[Table of Contents]

[Check your local library or bookstore for access]

	Clarridge, P. B. & Whitaker, E. M. (1997). Rolling the elephant over:
how to effect large-scale change in the reporting process. Portsmouth, NH:

	Guskey, T.R. (Ed.) (1996).  Communicating student learning: ASCD
yearbook 1996. Arlington, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum

	Guskey, T.R. (Speaker). (1996).  Alternative ways to document and
communicate student learning. (Cassette Recording). Arlington, VA:
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

	Harbar, E. (1994). 10 questions to ask about your child's report
cards. Niagara Falls, Ontario: It's Time Publishing.

	Hirsch, G.D. (1995). A report cards handbook: a guide to grade
reporting using the Mac school student information system. Weare, NH:
Sugar Hill Press.
	Miller, B.P. & Chandler, K. (1998). Well-chosen words: narrative
assessments and report card comments. York, ME: Stenhouse Publishers.

	Shafer, S. (1997). Writing effective report card comments. New
York: Scholastic.

[Table of Contents]

Publication Notes:
Created: October 25, 1999
Last Revised: October 25, 1999

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