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Meta Analysis in Educational Research - An Overview

A frequently asked question of:
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Example queries:

Please provide a definition, explanations, and examples of the application of meta analysis to educational research. What critiques of the method exist?

By what statistical methods can meta analyses be accomplished?

What software exists to support meta analytic data analysis?

Table of Contents

Definition & Introduction

The methodology of research synthesis according to principles of quantitative data analysis was advanced greatly when Gene V Glass introduced meta-analysis in 1976. Glass offered the definition, Meta-analysis refers to the analysis of analyses...the statistical analysis of a large collection of analysis results from individual studies for the purpose of integrating the findings. (Glass, 1976, p. 3)

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[Topical Overviews in Full-Text]

Meta-Analysis in Educational Research [1991] - Robert L. Bangert-Drowns & Lawrence M. Rudner
The Case for Validity Generalization [1991] - Fred Rafilson
Meta-Analysis Research on Science Instruction [1985] - Patricia E. Blosser

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Dynamic (i.e., Live) Search of the ERIC Documents Database for Meta Analysis in Educational Research
This search option employs the electronic Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors as the search interface for the ERIC documents database. If you would like to ensure a current bibliography of ERIC documents for this topic, then we highly recommend that you pursue this option; simply click on the link above, then click on Search in the screen that follows. Also, once you have selected this search option, you may edit the given strategy to introduce concepts into the search to accommodate your specific needs; or, you can build an entirely new search strategy in the ERIC Search Wizard. For a short, highly selective bibliography, please see the Selected ERIC Documents Citations below.

Selected ERIC Documents Citations for the Methodology of Meta Analysis
Although less current and less plentiful than the Dynamic Search option (above), this selective bibliography presents ERIC documents citations that have been preselected on the basis of the thoroughness and/or authority and/or uniqueness that they reflect.

Instructions for ERIC Documents Access

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[Check your local library or bookstore for access]

	Cook, T. (Ed.). (1992). Meta-analysis for explanation: a casebook.
New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Cooper, H. M. & Hedges, L.V. (Eds.). (1994). The handbook of research synthesis. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Glass, Gene V (1976). Primary, secondary and meta-analysis. Educational Researcher 5(10), 3-8.

Glass, G. V (1981). Meta-analysis in social research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Hedges, L.V. (Ed.). (1992). Meta-analysis [Special issue]. Journal of Education Statistics, 17(4).

Hedges, L.V. & Olkin, I. (1985). Statistical methods for meta-analysis. Orlando, Academic Press.

Hunter, J. E. & Schmidt, F. L. (1990). Methods of meta-analysis: correcting error and bias in research findings. Newbury Park: Sage.

Kulik, J.A. & Kulik, C.C. (Eds.). (1989). Meta-analysis in education [Special Issue]. International Journal of Educational Research, 13(3).

Rosenthal, R. (1991). Meta-analytic procedures for social research (Rev. ed). Newbury Park: Sage.

Walberg, H.J. & Haertel, E.H. (Eds.). (1980). Research integration: the state of the art [Special issue]. Evaluation in Education: International Progress, 4(1).

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Online Reports [full-text]

Meta-Analysis at 25 [1999] - Gene V Glass [Conference Address]

Meta-Analysis: Methods of Accumulating Results Across Research Domains [1998] - Larry C. Lyons [Online Book]

Meta-Analysis Gaining Status In Science And Policymaking [1997] -Stephen P. Hoffert [Journal Article; from The Scientist, Vol. 11, n.18, p. 1,5]

In Praise of Failure: Failed Meta-analysis [1996] - Bandolier Publishers [Editorial policy statement]

Software for Meta Analysis
[Online advertisements &/or descriptions, of which their presence here does not equate with our endorsement.]

Meta-Analysis Software [comparative software review from British Medical Journal, 1998]

Kismet Analytic Corporation - Metadata Analysis Tools

MetaStat Software Package [NOTE: Read the metastat.txt file; for a demo copy, download the metastat.zip file.]


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Publication Notes:
Created: February 5, 1998
Last Revised: July 22, 1999

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