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## Math curriculum

Mention the word math and most people jump immediately to the idea of math facts such as addition or subtraction. Its the obvious connection we think of in relation to math curriculum we remember. However, math instruction goes so far beyond these basic concepts, that we often forget the many intricate facets of the math curriculum. As they work through their math curriculum, teachers need to pay careful attention that they give equal time to the five major strands of the math content areas: number and operations, algebra, geometry, data analysis and probability, and measurement.

Number and operations refers to what most of us think of when we think of math: the numbers themselves and what they represent, as well as math facts. It also includes understanding more than and less than, and place value.

Algebraic thinking can begin at a very young age. The study of patterns and numerical relationships is essential to algebra. The concept of using symbols to represent numbers is also an integral part of the algebraic math curriculum. Likewise, geometry is a concept easily studied starting at an early age. From learning about shapes to the introduction of angles and lines, most students thoroughly enjoy their studies in geometry.

Data analysis and probability sounds complicated, but it can be as simple as making a graph about how different students get to school each day and talking about the results. Older students can design their own surveys, collect the data and analyze it for trends. Dice games are a great way to introduce probability as well.

Measurement includes linear and liquid measure, time, calendar and money. Children love learning about these different concepts. As a teacher, it is an important task to include these five major content strands from your math curriculum into your daily lesson planning.

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